Statistically it is almost not possible to be reading this and not have a relative or friend who has had cancer. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), half of all cancer deaths could be prevented by following a healthy lifestyle. In addition, what are these habits? Healthy diets, get some exercise, elimination of snuff and excessive alcohol use not allow prevent. However, we can do even more. The new code sets keys to adopt healthier life styles and increase cancer prevention in Europe.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer, a expert delegation of WHO, published last October, the fourth edition of the European Code Against Cancer , which produced since 1987 in collaboration with the European Commission. This Magna letter of cancer prevention, drafted by a full panel of experts, is developed taking into account all the scientific evidence available. Since the publication of the previous edition in 2003, 13 new Member States have joined, so the new edition integrates a wider range of people with different lifestyles.
What can be done to avoid cancer?
Do not smoke. Do not eat any kind of snuff
According to WHO, smoking is avoidable risk factor, which alone causes more cancer deaths worldwide? In 2004 were attributed to smoking 1.6 million of the 7.4 million deaths from cancer: 22%. Snuff smoke causes many different cancers, including lung, esophagus, larynx (voice box), mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, pancreas, stomach, and cervix. About 70% of the burden of lung cancer can be attributed to smoking as the sole cause. To avoid cancer smoking have to ignore.
Make sure your home is smoke free
Everyone should know by now that snuff smoke affects not only the smoker, but also those around you, and may be a risk factor for nonsmokers who are exposed to it. There are studies that say the risk that the partner of a smoker will develop lung cancer increases by 20% in women and 30% men. The Code also insists that we must support smoke-free policies in the workplace.
Take action for a healthy body weight
Being overweight is itself a risk factor when it comes to cancer. There is a link between overweight and obesity on the one hand, and many types of cancer, including esophageal, colorectal, breast, endometrial and kidney, on the other.
Be physically active in daily life
According to WHOM, physical inactivity is the fourth risk factor with regard to global mortality (that is responsible for 6% of deaths worldwide). It is also estimated that physical inactivity is the leading cause of approximately 21% -25% of breast cancers and colon 27% of cases of diabetes and approximately 30% load of ischemic heart disease. Physical activity includes exercise, but also other activities that involve movement. What matters is not sports, but moved and, as specified by the Code, limit time spent sitting. Physical activity includes exercise, but also other activities involving body movement and performed as part of the moments of play, work, active forms of transportation, housework and leisure activities.
Maintain a healthy diet
The European Code Against Cancer specifically recommend eating lots of whole grains, legumes, vegetables and fruits limit consumption of high-calorie foods (high in sugar or fat), sugar drinks, consumption of red meat and foods high in salt; and avoid processed meat. These healthy eating habits also contribute to reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
If you drink alcohol of any type, limit your intake
Although in recent years much has been said that moderate alcohol consumption may have some health benefits, the Code insists that, when in doubt, “not to use it is better for cancer prevention. ” It should be clear that the risk of cancer increases with the amount of alcohol consumed and that most people have a very permissive concept, which means a moderate intake. As WHO remember, alcohol is a risk factor for many cancers , such as mouth, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum and breast. Furthermore, the risk involved heavy drinking for several cancers (such as the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, and esophagus) increases significantly if the drinker is also a heavy smoker.
Avoid too much sun, especially in children
Solar radiation is classified in the most dangerous category of cancer and is the main cause of skin cancers, such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. In 2000 were diagnosed in the world more than 200,000 cases of melanoma and 65,000 deaths associated with this cancer occurred. The Code insists that we should use sunscreen and not take UVA rays.
In the workplace, protect against cancer-causing substances
As says the WHO, more than 40 agents, mixtures and exposure circumstances in the workplace are carcinogenic to humans and are classified as such. The Code insists that all workers should follow the health and safety instructions to avoid contact with these substances. 10% of lung cancer cases worldwide are caused by workplace exposures the causal relationship between various carcinogens present in factories and laboratories and cancer of the lung, bladder, larynx and skin, leukemia and nasopharyngeal cancer is well documented.
Perhaps the best known example is that of mesothelioma (cancer of the outer lining of the lung or chest cavity), which is determined largely by exposure to asbestos for work, but there are other less known substances present in the workplace with which we must be careful. Approximately 20% and 30% of men and between 5% and 20% of women of working age (ie 15 to 64 years) may have been exposed lung carcinogens during their working life, which represents about 10% of cases of lung cancer worldwide. Around 2% of leukemia cases worldwide are attributable to exposure in the workplace.
Find out if you are exposed to radiation from naturally high levels of radon in your home
After the atomic explosions of Hiroshima and Nagasaki epidemiological studies among survivors confirmed what many scientists, already suspected ionizing radiation is carcinogenic to man. In addition, it does not become a victim of a nuclear attack to be affected by them. As noted by WHOM, the ionizing radiation present in homes and workplaces hospitals, specifically, is the most affected places can cause leukemia and various solid tumors, and the risks are greater the younger the person exposed.